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I hope those of you in the states had a happy, safe, and productive weekend! I spent part of mine working on my garden beds:

lasagna garden beds

The good news: all of the garden beds are now buried in their rightful spots in the dirt (sweet!). These three long garden beds were basically FREE thanks to some leftover materials I had from building this part of my fence (which was also basically free since my sister had these items left over from her fencing project, so it was win-win-win). I originally started with these plans, but modified them to be a little narrower and longer for each bed since I’m not planning on planting vegetables in them (there’s not enough sunlight on this side of the yard). Let me know if you want the exact plans & I’ll include a post this week with them.

raised garden beds
Raised garden bed

The bad news — er, well, the less fun news: I have a lot of layering to do. It means a lot of trips back and forth with the wheelbarrow, but thankfully I found this amazing Youtube video that has taught me how to pop my upper back by myself, which is such a help.

Wheelbarrow in front of garden bed

If you want to see what I started with, I took a few extra pictures before installing them. It’s pretty clear from these pictures why I’m putting these in front of this neighboring fence (word to the wise: do NOT plant bamboo in your yard… it grows fast and destroys everything around it!). While I can’t do much to repair it (I’d rather not incur the expense of repairing someone else’s fence to this extent, and the bamboo on the other side will still cause problems), I can certainly dress up this side and hide it a little with some evergreen shrubs — and the raised beds prevent me from having to dig down into the hard Georgia clay and remove roots.

Old fenceline
Old fence

Sidenote: isn’t that Japanese maple in their yard gorgeous? I’m thinking of planting one along a back corner of my own yard (neighbors on both sides have them, actually).

Lasagna Garden Beds

To fill the beds and create lots of nutrient-rich soil for my new flowering hedge, I’m using a method that is sometimes called “lasagna gardening” (first published by Patricia Lanza, I think?). Essentially, I’m putting in various layers of organic materials like cardboard, mulch, garden trimmings, and soil. A little gardening research told me that this will give my aforementioned black thumb a much better chance of keeping weeds at bay and the plants I actually spent money on alive (I think this is why I dislike gardening in general; it’s gambling my money on something that might not live… like buying a $15 goldfish… and yeah, I know that most places have guarantees for plants, but who wants to dig up a dead plant, put it back in your car, find the damn receipt, and drive to the store you bought it from? Ok, rant over.).

gardenia lasagna gardening 2

But best of all, lasagna gardening reduces the overall cost of filling each bed with pricey bags of gardening soil and instead lets me use items that my yard has already provided in abundance… like cheap newspapers that get chucked onto my front lawn, pine needles, and bark mulch and wood chips from tree removal earlier this year. Here’s how I did it:

How to Fill a Garden Bed Using “Lasagna Layers”


  • shovel
  • gardening gloves
  • wheelbarrow

Compost Materials

  • kitchen scraps (vegetables, coffee grounds, tea leaves)
  • cardboard
  • newspaper
  • pine straw
  • sawdust
  • straw or hay
  • yard trimmings
  • grass clippings

Bottom Layer: Cardboard or Newspaper

The base of each layered bed is a generous supply of cardboard. Just before I began building the beds, I gave away an entire recycling container worth of cut up cardboard, and then immediately kicked myself, thinking I would have to wait weeks to collect enough again to fill these three beds. And then I walked around my house for about ten minutes and realized that cardboard is about as abundant in my home as that clown car of plastic-bags-inside-another-plastic-bag BS we seem to posses. So anyway, plenty of cardboard for a first layer!

cardboard layer

The cardboard (wet newspaper works too) acts as a weed blocker, smothers the grass below, and also helps prevent any roots from working their way up. While these pictures look a bit disheveled, you’ll want to fully cover any exposed grassy parts before adding the next layer (so fill in gaps with shredded newspaper if the cardboard isn’t malleable enough to fit).

2. Brown and Green Layers

This is where the “lasagna” concept comes in: For more weed-blocking power and to establish the soil in a well-drained setup, I wound up doing two layers of mulch: first with pine straw (because, well, there’s a shitload of that still around)…

pine straw layer

And then with the organic matter from grinding down the stumps of the pine trees removed earlier this year (because, well, with 5 trees removed, there’s a shitload of that too). Bonus was that since these mulch piles have just been sitting around in the heat and rain all spring, they’ve already begun to cook and compost, which should be really nice for the beds! And people say laziness gets you nowhere. Pssh.

mulch layer

In addition to these brown layers, lasagna gardening emphasizes alternating with “green” materials too: as in, fresh grass clippings, leaves, yard trimmings, and vegetable scraps. The brown materials add carbon while the green layers add nitrogen during the decomposition process, feeding the plant root systems placed on top.

3. Soil

I haven’t really gotten to this step yet, because it turns out that it takes a lot of wheelbarrows of pine mulch to fill in these beds, but I’m planning on combining a few bags of store-bought soil and what little I have so far from my compost pile, and possibly add peat moss to top things off.

gardenia lasagna gardening

There’s more filling in to do this week, but I’ve already accumulated a total of 6 plants to fill in the first two beds (I would have gotten more, but it was all the store had of what I wanted). But it also means I can only wait so long to put them in the ground, so this will be a good way to push me to get things done!


I’ll have some final shots ready once planting and mulching is all complete, but I’m glad to be feeling like I took a GIANT step forward in making this side of my yard look a bit more organized and well-maintained. It’s redistributing the large mounds of pine mulch too. And did I mention mostly FREE? Gotta love that.

UPDATE: The gardenia garden beds are done! See this post for what they look like now!

Gardenia and mulch

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  1. It’s looking great, Sarah. Just one thing though, be careful with using too high a proportion of uncomposted mulch in your beds, especially pine needles which can lower the pH and make the soil acidic. It depends on your plants but some don’t like that. Just trying to help you beat the curse of the “black thumb” ;-).

    1. Very good advice! But actually, I’m deliberately using pine straw & the pine mulch in there because most of the plants I like to grow – hydrangeas, gardenias, camellias, and azaleas/rhododendrons – have done extremely well in my yard based on the acidic soil. I even prefer the blue to the pink hydrangea color, so I’ve been lucky that all of the pine needles have helped turn them blue/purple!

      1. Good choice of plants as they all do well in semi shaded places. I love hydrangeas too – I have the white ones (not blue or pink) but they tend to go green if the soil is too acidic. I know this because of the huge oak tree I have nearby that is currently (here in the southern hemisphere) dropping all of its (also acidic) leaves as mulch in the beds…. and all over the paths and the lawn….. Yay for Autumn sweeping ;-)

  2. Some great information about using mulch in your flowerbed! I do like pine mulch however I prefer using darker bark such as spruce bark at the moment, I find it brings out the colours of my flowers in the summer, and really picks out the variations greens of the plants in the winter!

  3. I am sure after a while that organic compost will nourish the soil and plants on it. It would be very a good idea to plant vegetables on it. thanks for giving me an idea.

  4. If you don’t add green material i.e. Grass. It won’t decompose right. that is like making lasagna with only noodles and no filler

  5. Hi Sarah,

    Your garden looks beautiful with the garden beds. I am in the midst of looking up some info on how to make a raised garden bed for perennial plants. After all the search, then only I realize how are those plants going to survive the winter in a raised bed. Can you enlighten me how do you overwinter your plants in a raised bed? I am in zone 6a-5b. Thanks.


    1. Mine seem to stay VERY happy in their raised beds! You can see an update here. I don’t actually do much to overwinter mine as these plants are very well-suited for my climate (gardenias grow extremely well here without much interference, but I do give them fertilizer and mulch them well at least twice a year). I am only guessing, but I would think that the mulching is what helps the roots stay protected.

  6. Hello my name is Montreal. Id like to send some pictures of my area that I’d like start a garden and share my vision. Id love your advice.